PPR

Fostering a broad coalition to enable the eradication of PPR from Africa

Header

Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) or sheep and goat plague  is an acute viral contagious disease caused by a Morbillivirus belonging to the family of Paramyxoviridae affecting primarily sheep and goats and occasionally other species, including endangered wild populations. The disease is present in about 60% of African countries. 

The World Animal Health Information System (WAHIS) is used by countries to ensure transparency in the animal disease situation worldwide, including PPR.

The economic impact of PPR in Africa (including production losses and costs for disease control) is estimated at about USD 147 million per year. Eradicating PPR will sustainably improve the resilience of farmers and communities and foster the economic empowerment of women in Africa which are often responsible for such small domesticated animals.  

In 2015, World Organization for Animal Health -WOAH (founded as OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) jointly developed the PPR Global Control and Eradication Strategy, with the objective of eradicating PPR from the globe by 2030. The Strategy includes several tools and components to be implemented through a step-wise approach to decreasing levels of epidemiological risk and increasing levels of prevention and control. 

PPR Roadmaps

A joint FAO-WOAH Global Secretariat was also established in order to oversee the implementation of the Strategy. The Secretariat organises regional roadmap meetings to facilitate the elaboration and implementation of PPR regional/national action plans in line with the Global Strategy.

 

 

More information here (OIE PPR Portal).

PPR is one of the diseases for which WOAH established a procedure for the official recognition of free disease status of Member Countries and the endorsement of an official control programme. Today, six countries in Africa are officially recognised as PPR free (country wide or zonal) :

  • Botswana
  • eSwatini
  • Madagascar
  • Mauritius
  • South Africa
  • Namibia (zone south of the Veterinary Cordon Fence, VCF)

More information here (official WOAH statuses in respect of PPR).

WOAH International Standards are available (Terrestrial Code and Manual) to guide member countries on how to improve early detection, diagnosis, surveillance, notification, vaccination programmes and better prevent the spread of the disease via international trade in animals and animal products.

Several approaches to the eradication of PPR have been piloted or supported by WOAH in recent years, i.e. the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) funded “Vaccine Standards and Pilot Approach (VSPA) to peste des petits ruminants (PPR) Control in Africa” which focused on Ghana and Burkina Faso as pilot countries and helped establish WOAH Regional PPR Vaccine Bank (2012 – 2014) and the ongoing World Bank funded Projet Regional d’Appui au Pastoralisme dans le Sahel (PRAPS or Regional Support to Pastoralism in the Sahel project). The project (2015 – 2021) supports PPR vaccinations in Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger and Senegal. 

Proceedings and infographics :

Proceedings : Workshop on PPR Prevention and Control (Dar es Salaam, 2012) GF-TADs / IAEA (en Anglais)
Proceedings : Workshop on PPR Prevention and Control (Dar es Salaam, 2012) GF-TADs / IAEA (en Anglais)

PDF - 1.56MB

Infographic : PPR and small ruminant production (preview below)
Infographic : PPR and small ruminant production (preview below)

PDF - 215.40KB

PPR

I

Infographic : Be a pioneer in the eradication of peste des petits ruminants (preview below)
Infographic : Be a pioneer in the eradication of peste des petits ruminants (preview below)

PDF - 635.34KB

PPR English

Diseases (latest outbreaks in Africa)

See all alerts

Disease outbreak maps:
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Diseaseinformation/Diseaseoutbreakmaps

 

Disease distribution maps:
http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Diseaseinformation/Diseasedistributionmap

 

Latest immediate notifications to WOAH :

08/10/2021 Morocco: Peste des petits ruminants
25/03/2021 AlgeriaPeste des petits ruminants
07/10/2020 Libya : Peste des petits ruminants
10/02/2020 Morocco : Peste des petits ruminants
17/04/2019  Libya : Peste des petits ruminants 
20/12/2018  Algeria : Peste des petits ruminants
07/08/2018  Sierra Leone : Peste des petits ruminants
11/01/2018  Burundi : Peste des petits ruminants
15/08/2016  Tunisia : Peste des petits ruminants
12/02/2016  Algeria : Peste des petits ruminants
16/07/2015  Liberia : Peste des petits ruminants
06/07/2015  Zambia : Peste des petits ruminants 
03/07/2015  Morocco : Peste des petits ruminants 

WOAH (and FAO) guidelines and recommendations

FAO / OIE (WOAH) Global Strategy (2015)

 

Global Eradication Plan (2017 – 2021)

 

Guidelines for the control and prevention of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in wildlife populations (2021)

 

Regional reports / strategies for download

African Union (AU) Strategy - Stratégie Union Africaine (UA) en Anglais
African Union (AU) Strategy - Stratégie Union Africaine (UA) en Anglais

PDF - 692.07KB

Horn of Africa (IGAD) Strategy - Stratégie Corne de l'Afrique (IGAD) en Anglais
Horn of Africa (IGAD) Strategy - Stratégie Corne de l'Afrique (IGAD) en Anglais

PDF - 834.70KB

Southern Africa (SADC) Strategy - Stratégie Afrique australe (SADC) en Anglais
Southern Africa (SADC) Strategy - Stratégie Afrique australe (SADC) en Anglais

PDF - 1.08MB

Sheep PPR

Sheep Goat

Sheep Goat

Sheep Goat

Sheep Lamb

More information :

Visit the :

WOAH PPR Portal

Read more
Annual Report 2019

Boosting PPR vaccinations in Kenya through PPP

Read more
Annual Report 2019

PVS mission helps guide PPR eradication in Nigeria

Read more
Forme

Social media links

FLICKR
First FAO OIE (WOAH) Global Conference on PPR (Abidjan) 2015

Flickr photo album

Read more
FLICKR
2nd FAO OIE (WOAH) Global Conference on PPR (Brussels) 2018

Flickr photo album

Read more
Forme