FMD

Foot-and-Mouth Disease

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Background information

Priority Transboundary Animal Disease (TAD) 2021 – 2025 Regional Strategy

 

ASF    CBPP    FMD    PPR    RVF

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in the Africa region. It is one of the most contagious livestock diseases which bring about economic losses to many countries that depend on livestock for generation of revenue.

Taking Botswana as an example, livestock production, particularly beef products, contribute up to 65% of revenue in the agricultural sector (Seleka and Kebakile, 2015). Botswana exports approximately 80% of its beef to the European and South African markets (van Engelen et al., 2013). The revenue gained from these transactions account for up to one third of the GDP of the country.

 

Map. Distribution of pools 3 to 6 of FMD viruses.

 

An uncontrolled FMDV outbreak can therefore cause a decline in income because as a control measure, international markets do not accept any beef imports during an FMDV Early detection of FMDV and initiation of control measures are thus pivotal in circumvention of severe economic losses.

In recent years, countries reporting the most FMD cases were Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Tanzania, and Zambia.

The FMD progressive control pathway (PCP) is a tool to assist endemic countries, developed and endorsed by the European Commission for the Control of Foot-and-Mouth Disease (EuFMD), FAO and WOAH. The FMD – PCP recommends that control efforts should be coordinated at regional level. The pathway offers a structured stepwise approach to FMD control.

Fig. The FAO/EuFMD/WOAH Progressive Control Pathway for FMD. The status of countries on the PCP-FMD is evaluated according to defined criteria. Countries with endemic disease are in stages 0 to 3 while countries with no endemic disease within livestock are at stage 4 or above.

 

The country starts with gaining a better epidemiological understanding of FMD (stage 1), gradually implementing risk-based control measures (stage 2), before evolving to stage 3, at the end of which country may apply for the WOAH endorsement of official control program for FMD aiming at eliminating FMDV circulation (Stage 4). The higher stages correspond to the country eventually recognized by the WOAH as being free from FMD with or without vaccination.

The ultimate long-term goal of the FMD PCP is not to obtain global eradication of FMD but to attain a state of cost-effective control of FMD in susceptible livestock by 2030.

Download the templates for the documents to submit :

Official control programme (OCP)
Official control programme (OCP)

PDF - 4.95MB

Risk-based strategic plan (RBSP)
Risk-based strategic plan (RBSP)

PDF - 3.75MB

Risk assessment plan (RAP)
Risk assessment plan (RAP)

PDF - 4.89MB

Relevant regional policy / coordination conferences / consultations:

Report FMD Roadmap Meeting II (West Africa) Dakar (2019) English
Report FMD Roadmap Meeting II (West Africa) Dakar (2019) English

PDF - 1.50MB

Rapport feuille de route FA   I (Afrique centrale) Douala (2018) Français / French
Rapport feuille de route FA I (Afrique centrale) Douala (2018) Français / French

PDF - 2.32MB

Report FMD Roadmap Meeting III (Eastern Africa) Entebbe (2018) English / Anglais
Report FMD Roadmap Meeting III (Eastern Africa) Entebbe (2018) English / Anglais

PDF - 3.33MB

Report FMD Roadmap Meeting    II (Southern Africa) Dar es Salaam (2017) English / Anglais
Report FMD Roadmap Meeting II (Southern Africa) Dar es Salaam (2017) English / Anglais

PDF - 1.02MB

Report FMD Roadmap Meeting I (Western Africa) Lome (2016) English / Anglais
Report FMD Roadmap Meeting I (Western Africa) Lome (2016) English / Anglais

PDF - 736.20KB

Report FMD Roadmap Meeting II (Eastern Africa) Kigali (2014) English / Anglais
Report FMD Roadmap Meeting II (Eastern Africa) Kigali (2014) English / Anglais

PDF - 368.92KB

Report FMD Roadmap Meeting I (Eastern Africa) Nairobi (2012) English / Anglais
Report FMD Roadmap Meeting I (Eastern Africa) Nairobi (2012) English / Anglais

PDF - 2.58MB

Report FMD Roadmap Meeting    I (Southern Africa) Gaborone (2011) English / Anglais
Report FMD Roadmap Meeting I (Southern Africa) Gaborone (2011) English / Anglais

PDF - 1.91MB

WOAH and FAO Reference Centres in Africa:

WOAH Reference Laboratories

Dr Joseph Hyera

Botswana Vaccine Institute
Department of Animal Health and Production
Broadhurst Industrial Site, Lejara Road
Private Bag 0031
Gaborone
BOTSWANA

Tel: +267 391 27 11
Email: [email protected]

 

Dr Livio Heath

Onderstepoort Veterinary Research
Transboundary Animal Diseases Programme
Agricultural Research  Council
Private Bag X05
Onderstepoort 0110
SOUTH AFRICA

Tel: +27-12 529.95.75
Email: [email protected]

 

 

 

 

 

WOAH/FAO Reference Laboratory Network for Foot-and-Mouth Disease

Ash Road, Pirbright,
Woking, GU24 0NF
UNITED KINGDOM

Tel: +44 – 1483 232441

Email: [email protected]

FAO Reference Centre for FMD in Africa

Dr Misheck Mulumba

Onderstepoort Veterinary Research
Agricultural Research  Council
Private Bag X05
Onderstepoort 0110
SOUTH AFRICA

Tel: +27-12 529.91.06
Email: [email protected]

More information:

FMD

WOAH Portal

Read more
FMD

FAO Portal (EuFMD)

Read more
Forme

More information on FMD on this website

Entebbe, Uganda

Eastern African Veterinary Authorities Update Roadmap for regional FMD control...

July 05, 2018
Read more
Mokolodi and Gaborone, Botswana

Southern African countries commit to region-wide FMD control under FAO and OIE patronage.

March 18, 2011
Read more
Forme

(North Africa)

Tunis, Tunisia

Meeting of the “Drafting Committee” on official disease status and official control programmes related to FMD and PPR

May 12, 2014
Read more
Tunis, Tunisia

2nd workshop on Official FMD and PPR country status : advantages for North African countries

November 12, 2013
Read more
Forme